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Dry eye can be related to certain circumstances characterised by a reduction in the production of tears:
Others promote the evaporation of tears1in particular inflammation, which can damage the Meibomian glands and mucus cells.
Many factors can induce inflammation of the eye and dry eye:
In addition, wind, air conditioning and the dryness of the air worsens tear evaporation and dry eye. Other circumstances increase the risk of dry eye: a recent study showed that lack of sleep is often associated with dry eye[viii].
More information about dry eyes:
What are the causes of dry eye?
[i] Creuzot-Garcher C. Dry eye related to systemic medications. French Journal of Ophthalmology 2009 ; 32 : 64-70
[ii] Wolkoff P. External eye symptoms in indoor environments. Indoor Air. 2017 Mar;27(2):246-260
[iii] Moen BE et al. Can air pollution affect tear film stability? A cross-sectional study in the aftermath of an explosion accident. BMC Public Health. 2011 Apr 14;11:235
[iv] Um SB et al. Spatial epidemiology of dry eye disease: findings from South Korea. Int J Health Geogr. 2014 Aug 15;13:31.
[v] Markoulli M et al. Contact lens wear and dry eyes: challenges and solutions. Clinical Optometry 2017:9 41–48
[vi] Baudouin C, Labbé A, Liang H, Pauly A, Brignole-Baudouin F. Preservatives in eyedrops: The good, the bad and the ugly. Progress in Retinal and Eye Research 2010;29:312-334
[vii] Rosenfield M. Computer vision syndrome: a review of ocular causes and potential treatments. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2011 Sep;31(5):502-15
[viii] Kawashima M et al. The association of sleep quality with dry eye disease: the Osaka study. Clinical Ophthalmology 2016;10 : 1015–1021